Trends in Export and Import of Beer of Barley in Nigeria: 1961-2014

Main Article Content

Essien Akpan Antia-Obong

Abstract

The importance of Beer of Barley is due to Nigeria being Africa’s largest beer consuming country, hence; require increasing output to meet up with domestic beer production since importation of bottled beer is banned. At present, Beer of Barley is exported and imported, this study aimed to measure growth rate between import and export over a 54 year period divided into three policy periods centred on Structural Adjustment policies (SAP) namely: Pre-SAP (1961-1985), SAP (1986-1998) and Post-SAP (1999-2014) with the sole purpose of identifying period associated with rising exports and falling imports. Log-linear and log-quadratic models are used to determine growth rates and patterns of growth respectively. Findings show that while the Post-SAP period experienced rising exports and falling imports, the period was also associated with a stagnated growth pattern. Therefore, institutions that support Post-SAP policy measures, in particular import ban on bottled/canned beer should be vigorously sustained and strengthened in order to accelerate growth.

Keywords:
Beer of barley, export, growth rate, import, Structural Adjustment Policies or Programmes (SAP).

Article Details

How to Cite
Antia-Obong, E. (2019). Trends in Export and Import of Beer of Barley in Nigeria: 1961-2014. Asian Journal of Advances in Agricultural Research, 9(4), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaar/2019/v9i430015
Section
Original Research Article

Article Metrics

References

Breau A. Making Beer. How is Barley turned into beer; 2012.
Available:https://indianapublicmedia.org/amomentofscience/barley-turned-beer

Taiwo S. Nigeria is the highest alcohol-drinking country in Africa. Beer Consumption; 2017.
[Retrieved December 3, 2018]
Available:https://www.pulse.ng/bi/lifestyle/beer-consumption-nigeria-is-the-highest-alcohol-
drinking-country-in-africa-id6667060.html

Udom D. Analysis of Nigerian meat production trends: 1961-2004. Nigeria Agricultural Journal. 2006;37(1):18-23.

Ibitoye SJ, Shaibu UM, Omole BO. Assessment of the growth rate of cotton (Gossypium Spp) production in West Africa: Evidence from Nigeria's Pre-SAP, SAP and Post-SAP periods. Saudi Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2017;2(2):111-116.

Illeso B. Structural adjustment program and agricultural production in Nigeria (1970-1996). Unpublished Master of development Economics Dissertation, Dalhousie University, Halifax Nova Scotia; 2000.

Antia-Obong Essien Akpan Otung, Idorenyin Antigha. Growth rate analysis for domestic production and import of beer of barley in Nigeria. Middle East Journal of Agriculture Research. 2019;08(01):21-27.

Antia-Obong EA, Ibok OW, Udoh ES, Daniel EE. Insights on oil palm production variation and trade growth rates in Nigeria. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2013;3(7):536-541.

Maikasuwa MA, Ala AL. Trend analysis of area and productivity of sorghum in Sokoto State, Nigeria, 1993-2012. European Scientific Journal. 2013;9(16):69-75.

Mech A. An analysis of growth trend, instability and determinants of rice production in Assam. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 2017;51(4):355-359.

Onu DO, Obike KC, Ebe FE, Okpara BO. Empirical assessment of the trend in rice production and imports in Nigeria (1980-2013). International Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Soil Science. 2015;6:150-158.

Oyenweaku C. Stagnation, acceleration and deceleration in agricultural production in Nigeria, 1970-2000. Journal of Agri-culture and Food Science. 2004;2(2):131-140.

Antia-Obong EA. Influence of transaction costs on market participation by smallholder poultry farmers in Nigeria: A mixed methods study. Unpublished Ph.D Thesis Newcastle University, United Kingdom; 2018.