Design and Construction of Thermal Control Solar Heated Poultry House

Main Article Content

T. O. Tehinse
F. R. Falayi
T. O. Aduewa

Abstract

Introduction: Chickens in extensive and semi-intensive poultry production systems account for more than 75% of all poultry in the Southern Nigeria.

Aims: To design, construct and test a thermal control solar heated poultry house.

Methodology: Thermally controlled solar heated poultry house was designed and constructed in the Department of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering Research Farm, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria. The poultry house consists of seven sections/rooms of which five rooms were regulated into five different temperature levels while one of the last two serve as control experiment section and the other serve as the observation section. The poultry house was tested and evaluated using developed and calibrated data logger to determine the environmental condition in the thermally controlled animal house with respect to the ambient conditions. The results obtained from the pre-stock test were analyzed graphically using Microsoft excel software version 2016

Results: The dry bulb temperature in the poultry house is 28.91±0.02ºC, 31.75±0.14ºC, 34.93 ±0.06ºC, 37.92±0.07ºC, 40.95±0.06ºC and 26.47±1.72ºC for sections with preconditioned temperature of 29ºC, 32ºC, 35ºC, 38ºC 41ºC and control respectively, dry bulb temperature in the poultry house is 20.39±0.32ºC, 21.64±0.1ºC, 19.13±0.2ºC, 17.57±0.27ºC, 16.26±0.27ºC and 24.77 ±0.1ºC for sections with preconditioned temperature of 29ºC, 32ºC, 35ºC, 38ºC 41ºC and control respectively, the relative humidity in the poultry house is 44.69±2.37%, 41.9±1.21%, 38.43±0.38%, 33.8.

Conclusion: There was little or no temperature stability in the non-thermally controlled section of the poultry house, the temperature of the thermally controlled section of the poultry house was found in a close range with low deviation from the preset temperature in the sections.

Keywords:
Poultry, house, broiler, temperature, sensor, solar panel, humidity.

Article Details

How to Cite
Tehinse, T. O., Falayi, F. R., & Aduewa, T. O. (2019). Design and Construction of Thermal Control Solar Heated Poultry House. Asian Journal of Advances in Agricultural Research, 11(3), 1-16. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaar/2019/v11i330054
Section
Original Research Article

References

Liang QM, Fan Y, Wei YM. Multi–regional input-output model for regional energy requirements and CO2 emissions in China. Energy Policy. 2007;35(3):1685–1700.

Jekayinfa SO. Energetic analysis of poultry processing operations 3. Leonardo Journal of Sciences. 2007;6(10):77–92.

Erdal G, Esengun K, Erdal H, Gunduz O. Energy use and economical analysis of sugar beet production in Tokat province of Turkey. Energy. 2007;32(4):35–41.

Mohammadi A, Rafiee Sh, Jafari A, Keyhani A, Mousavi-Avval SH, Nonhebel S. Energy use efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions of farming systems in north Iran. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2014;30(3):724–733.

Cooper MA, Washburn KW. The relationship of body temperature to weight gain, feed consumption and feed utilization in broilers under heat stress. Poultry Science. 1998;77:237–242.

Lucas JL, Marcos HR. Impact of Heat Stress on Poultry Production. Animals. 2013;3:356-369.

Nienaber JA, Hahn GL. Livestock production system management responses to thermal challenges. International Journal of Biometeorology. 2007;52:149–157.

Nardone A, Ronchi B, Lacetera N, Ranieri MS, Bernabucci U. Effects of climate changes on animal production and sustainability of livestock systems. Livestock Sci. 2010;130:57–69.

Renaudeau D, Collin A, Yahav S, De Basilio V, Gourdine JL, Collier RJ. Adaptation to hot climate and strategies to alleviate heat stress in livestock production. Animal. 2012;6:707–728.

St-Pierre NR, Cobanov B, Schnitkey G. Economic losses from heat stress by US livestock industries. J. Dairy Sci. 2003; 86(E. Suppl.):E52–E77.

Sohail MU, Ahmad I, Younus M, Shabbir MZ, Kamran Z, Ahmad S, Anwar H, Yousaf MS, Ashraf K, Shahzad A, Rehman H. Effect of supplementation of mannan oligosaccharide and probiotic on growth performance, relative weights of viscera, and population of selected intestinal bacteria in cyclic heat-stressed broilers. The Journal of Applied Poultry Research. 2013;22:485-491.

Deeb N, Cahaner A. Genotype-by-environment interaction with broiler genotypes differing in growth rate. 3. Growth rate and water consumption of broiler progeny from weight-selected versus non-selected parents under normal and high ambient temperatures. Poult. Sci. 2002;81:293–301.

Niu ZY, Liu FZ, Yan QL, Li WC. Effects of different levels of vitamin E on growth performance and immune responses of broilers under heat stress. Poult. Sci. 2009;88:2101–2107.

Attia YA, Hassan RA, Tag El-Din AE, Abou-Shehema BM. Effect of ascorbic acid or increasing metabolizable energy level with or without supplementation of some essential amino acids on productive and physiological traits of slow-growing chicks exposed to chronic heat stress. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. 2011;95:744–755.

Ghazi SH, Habibian M, Moeini MM, Abdolmohammadi AR. Effects of different levels of organic and inorganic chromium on growth performance and immunocompetence of broilers under heat stress. Biol. Trace Elem. Res. 2012;146: 309–317.

Imik H, Ozlu H, Gumus R, Atasever MA, Urgar S, Atasever M. Effects of ascorbic acid and alpha-lipoic acid on performance and meat quality of broilers subjected to heat stress. Br. Poult. Sci. 2012;53:800–808.

Yahav S, Hurwitz S. Induction of thermotolerance in male broiler chickens by temperature conditioning at an early age. Poult. Sci. 1996;75:402–406.

Decuypere E, Buyse J, Buys N. Ascites in broiler chickens: Exogenous and endogenous structural and functional causal factors. Worlds Poultry Science Journal. 2000;56:367-376.

Shinder D, Luger D, Rusal M, Rzepakovsky V, Bresler V, Yahav S. Early age cold conditioning in broiler chickens (Gallus domesticus): Thermotolerance and growth responses. J. Therm. Biol. 2002;27: 517–523.

MWPS (Midwest Plan Service). Swine Facilities and Equipment Handbook. MWPS‐8. 4th ed. Ames, Iowa: Midwest Plan Service. 1983;13-24.

Mack LA, Felver-Gant JN, Dennis RL, Cheng HW. Genetic variation alter production and behavioral responses following heat stress in 2 strains of laying hens. Poultry Science. 2013;92:285– 294.

Mustaaf S, Kahraman N, Firat M. Intermittent partial surface wetting and its effect on body-surface temperatures and egg production of white and brown domestic laying hens in Antalya (Turkey). British Poultry Science. 2009;50(33):8- 10.

Arrington LC. Market turkey management-brooding. College of Agricultural and Life Science, University of Wisconsin-Madison and Division of Economic and Environmental Development, University of Wisconsin Extension, USA; 1980.

Turkoglu M, Sarica M, Eleroğlu H. Turkey Brooding. Publisher by Otak Form-Ofset Samsun, Turkey (in Turkish); 2005.

Ozen N. Poultry Brooding. Republic of Turkey, Ministry of Agriculture & Rural Affairs, Kahramanmaras Provincial Agricultural Directorate, Farmer Education and Extension Branch. Farmer Brochure No: 1 (in Turkish); 1992.

Ernst RA. Housing for improved performance in hot climates. In: Poultry Production in Hot Climates. Ed. Daghir, N.J., Cab International, Wallingford, UK. 1995;72-82.

Alagoz T. Determination of present situations of poultry housing in Cukurova region and development of suitable broiler house plans for region. Ph.D. dissertation, Univ. of Cukurova, Turkey (in Turkish); 1983.

Okuroglu M, Delibas L. Structure elements project criteria in barns. Poult. J. 55. (in Turkish); 1987.

Ones A, Olgun M. Designing Criteria of Farm Structures. The Ministry of Public Works and Settlement Bulletin. 1989;21 (104):27-35.

Carr EL. High density brooding of broilers. Trans. of the ASAE. 1980;23:658-666.

Balaban A, Sen E. Agricultural Structures. Ankara Univ. Agricultural Faculty Publication No: 1083, Course Book No: 311, Ankara. (in Turkish). 1988; 244 .

Ibrahim MH, Stewart LE, Carr LE. A model for the heat pump brooding of broilers. Trans. of the ASAE. 1991;34:1873- 1878.

ASAE. Agricultural Standards, ASAE, 41st Ed. 2950 Niles Road, ST Joseph Michigan, USA; 1996.

Lindley JA, Whitaker JH. Agricultural Building and Structures. ASAE, Publisher St. Joseph, MI, USA; 1996.

Axtell B. Drying food for profit: A guide for small business. (Ed.). London: Intermediate Technology Development Group Publishing Ltd. 2002;85-103.