Impact of Foliar Application of Silicon and Selenium on Growth Characters, Yield, Physicochemical Characters, Oil Ingredients of Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Variety Giza 6 under Different Planting Dates

Main Article Content

Ahmed Khalaf
Mohamed Sh. Hassan
Hamady A. Ismaeil
Ahmed Awny


The experiment was conducted at the Agricultural Research Center in Upper Egypt 2016-2017. We were aiming to see the effect of spraying Si (100 ppm) and Se (50 ppm) 4 times under different planting on productivity and oil quality oil variety Giza 6 under different planting dates. In this research; Si and Se with early sowing (1May) applications produced significant increases Length and branching, Attributes of productivity, oil quality of variety Giza 6.Results show that oil content ranged from 55.48% to 60.10%, The percentage of oil decreases with the delay of planting dates. There is a variation in the refractive index (1.464-1.468) with different dates or Si and Se. The acidity rate increases with the delay of cultivation. The peroxide value decreases with the first reset. And lower iodine number with first replant It contains Oleic (55.49- 60.05%). The oleic is reduced with delay in planting, while linoleic increases with the delay of planting and spraying with silicon and selenium. The highest value of O/L ratio was with early implantation and spraying with silicon and selenium. Unsaturated fatty acids exceed saturated fatty acids with silicon and selenium spray. 

Peanut, silicon, selenium, fatty acids.

Article Details

How to Cite
Khalaf, A., Sh. Hassan, M., A. Ismaeil, H., & Awny, A. (2020). Impact of Foliar Application of Silicon and Selenium on Growth Characters, Yield, Physicochemical Characters, Oil Ingredients of Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Variety Giza 6 under Different Planting Dates. Asian Journal of Advances in Agricultural Research, 12(1), 21-28.
Original Research Article


Chowdhury FV, Hossain D, Hosen M, Rahman S. Comparative study on chemical composition of five varieties of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). World j. of Agricultural Science. 2015;11(5):247-254. 31.

Panhwar RN, Chohan M, Panhwar DB, Memon MA, Memon YM, Panhwar MA. Relative yield and quality appraisal of peanut under climatic conditions. Pakistan Sugar. J. 2005;23:11-15.

Hattori T, Inanaga S, Araki H, An P, Morita S, Luxová M, Lux A. Application of silicon enhanced drought tolerance in peanut (Arachis hypogaea). Physiologia Plantarum. 2005;123:459-466.

Ma JF, Yamaji N. Silicon uptake and accumulation in higher plants. Trends in Plant Science. 2006;11:342-397.

Feng R, Wei CY, and TU S. The roles of selenium in protecting plants against abiotic stresses. Environmental and Experimental Botany. 2013;87:58–68.

Hajiboland R, Keivanfar N. Selenium supplementation stimulates vegetative and reproductive growth in peanut (Arachis hypogaea) plants. – Acta Agric. Slovenica. 2012;99:13-19

Savant NK, Snyder GH, Datnoff LE.. Silicon management and sustainable peanut production. Adv Agron.1997;58:151-199.

Pilon S, Quinn CF, Tapken W, Malagoli M, Schiavon M. Physiological functions of beneficial elements Current Opinion in Plant Biology. 2009;12:267-274.

Adatia MH, Besford RT. The effects of silicon on cucumber plants grown in recirculating nutrient solution. Ann Bot. 1986;58:343-351.

Rafi MM, Epstein E, Falk RH. Silicon deprivation causes physical abnormalities in wheat (Triticumaestivum L.). Journal of Plant Physiology. 1997;151:497-501.

Dayanandam P, Kaufman PB, Frankin CI. Detection of silica in plants. American Journal of Botany. 1983;70:1079-1084.

A.O.A.C. Official Methods of Analysis of A.O.A.C International Association of the Official Analytical Chemists. Washington, D. C., 18thEd; 2005.

Chaiyadee SS, Jogloy P, Songsri N, Singkham N, Vorasoot P, Sawatsitang CC. Holbrook, Patanothai A. Soil moisture affects fatty acids and oil quality parameters in peanut Int. J. of Plant Production. 2013;7(1):81-96.

AOCS. Official methods and recommen-ded practices of the American oil chemists’ society, 4th edn., edited by D. Firestone, American Oil Chemists’ Society, Champaign, Method Ca 5a-40; 1989.

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. Statistical procedures in agricultural Res. New York , Chichester. Willey 2nd edition paperback. 1984;680.

Wood JD, Enser M, Fisher AV. Fat deposition, fatty acid composition and meat quality: A review. Meat Sci. 2008; 78(4):343–358.

Caliskan S, Caliskan ME, Arslan M, Arioglu H. Effects of sowing date and growth duration on growth and yield of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). In a Mediterranean-type environment in Turkey. Field Crops Res. 2008;105:131-140.

Djanaguiraman M, Prasad, P.V, Seppanen M. Selenium protects sorghum leaves from oxidative damage under high temperature stress by enhancing antioxidant defense system. Plant Physiol. Biochem. 2011;48: 999–1007.

Li J, Liang D , Qin S , Feng P and Wu X. Effects of selenite and selenate application on growt and shoot selenium accumulation of pak choi (Brassica chinensis L.) during successive planting conditions. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 2015, 22: 11076-11086.

Irmak S. Effect of Selenium Application on Plant Growth and Some Quality Parameters in Peanut (Arachis hypogaea). Pak. J. Biol. Sci. 2017;20:92-99.

Stern W.R. The influence of sowing date on the yield of peanut in short summer rainfall environment. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture and Animal Husbandry. 1968;8:594-598.

Gong HJ, Chen KM, Chen GC, Wang SM, Zhang CL. Effectsof silicon on growth of wheat under drought. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 2003;26:1055-1063.

Ahmed M, Hassen FU, Qadeer U, Aslam MA. Silicon application and drought tolerance mechanism of sorghum. Afr J Agric Res. 2011;6:594-607.

Harris. H.Mc, William. J.,Mason,W.K., Influence of temperature on oil content and composition of peanut seed .Aust. J. Agric. Res. 1978;29:1203-1212.

Singh K, Singh R, Singh JP, Singh Y, Singh KK. Effect of level and time of silicon application on growth, yield and its uptake by rice (Oryza sativa). Ind J Agric Sci, 2006;76(7):410-413.

Gerami M, Fallah A, Khatamimoghadam, M. Study of potassium and sodium silicate onthe morphological and chlorophyll content on the rice plant inpot experiment (Oryza sativa L.).Inter. J. Agri. Crop. Sci. 2012;4(10):658-661.

Kamenidou S, Cavins TJ, Marek SM. Silicon supplements affect floricultural quality traits and elemental nutrient concentrations of greenhouse produced gerbera. Sci. Hortic 2010;123:390-394.

Hwang SJ, Park HM, Jeong BR. Effects of potassium silicate on the growth of miniature rose Pinocchio grown on rockwool and its cut flower quality. J. Japan Soc. Horticul. Sci. 2005;74: 242-247.

Wiliam AC, Robert C, ROY, John G. Effect of harvest date on agronomic and chemical characteristics of Ontario peanuts. Can. J. Plant Sci. 1984;64:521-528.

Ethel E, Perez, Amalia .A. Carelli R Guillermo H. Chemical characterization of oils and meals from wild peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Paper no. J10606 in JAOCS 2004;81:245-249.

Shad MA, Pervez H, Zafar ZI, Nawaz H, Khan H. Physicochemical properties, fatty acid profile and antioxidant activity of peanut oil. Pak J Bot. 2012;44(1):435–440.

Farhan C, Farooq A, Shaukat A, Naveed A. Comparison of physico-chemical properties between two varieties of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) seed oil from Pakistan. Asian Journal of Chemistry. 2013;25(6):3271-3274.

Arya SPS, Plate EJJ. Atmos. Sci. 1969;26: 656.

Atasie VN, Akinhanmi TF, Ojiodu CC. Proximate analysis and physico-chemical properties of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Pak. J. Nutr. 2009;8(2):194-197.

Brien GK, Price ML. Amaranth grain and vegetable types. ECHO Technical Note; 2009.

Farhan C, Farooq A, Shaukat A and Naveed A. Comparison of physico-chemical properties between two varieties of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) seed oil from Pakistan. Asian Journal of Chemistry. 2013;25(6):3271-3274.

Bezard. qualitative and quantitative analysis of peanut oil triacylglycerol by reversed-phase liquid chromatography. Journal of Chromatography A. 1986;366: 261-282.

Liang YC. Effects of silicon on enzyme activity and sodium, potassium and calcium concentration in barley under salt stress. Pl. Soil. 1999;29:217-224.

Ahmed EH, Young CT. Composition, nutrition and flavour of peanuts. In: Peanut science and technology, (Ed.): H.E. Pattee and C.T. young. American Peanut Research and Education Society. Inc., Yoakum, Texas, USA. 1982;655- 658.

Wang SY, Galletta G. Foliar application of potassium silicate induces metabolic changes in strawberry plants. J. Plant Nutr. J. 1998;21(1):157-167.