Main Article Content
The importance of adopting Sustainable Agricultural Practices (SAPs) approach to improve food production cannot be overemphasized in policy development and research agenda of many countries in sub-Saharan Africa. This study investigates how socio-demographic factors influence farm-level decision process associated with the adoption of sustainable agricultural practices among smallholder farmers in Ogun State. A multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 196 farmers. Primary data were collected with the aid of structured questionnaires. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Likert scale rating and multivariate probit model. The results showed that majority of the farmers were male with mean age of 35 years cultivating an average farm size of 5.8 hectares. The use of improved variety was adopted by 95.41% and this was rank first among the practices adopted by the farmers. Agroforestry was rank second and adopted by 85.71% of the respondents. The extent of adoption by the respondents showed that 94.39 and 72.45 were practicing the use of improved variety and agroforestry regularly. The factors influencing adoption of sustainable practices were age, education, farm size, farming experience and membership of social organization. The result further revealed that young farmers are more likely to adopt sustainable agricultural practices as option to increase productivity and reduce vulnerability of environment to ecological problems. This suggests that campaign for adoption of sustainable agricultural practices should target young farmers. However, this is not to discriminate older farmers in the sustainable agriculture policy agenda. The study established that there are complementary and substitute effects between the sustainable agricultural practices. This showed that policy changes that affect adoption of a given practice can have spillover effect on the other. Hence, extension services and promotion agenda should always emphasize the effects between different practices to enhance farmers’ choice.
Olawuyi SO, Hardman M. Effect of adoption of alternative conservation agricultural practices on smallholder farmers’ production output in South-West Nigeria. Cogent Social Sciences. 2019;5(1):1588447.
Aina PO. Conservation tillage for sustainable agricultural productivity. Soil Tillage Research. 2011;20:165-186.
Kughur PG, Katikpo G, Kuza Y. Adoption of sustainable agricultural practices by farmers in Otukpo Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria. World Journal of Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences. 2015;1(3):92-99.
FAO. The state of food security and nutrition in the world. Building Climate Resilience for Food Security and Nutrition, Rome, Italy; 2018.
Kassie M, Jaleta M, Shiferaw B, Mmbando F, Mekuria M. Adoption of interrelated sustainable agricultural practices in smallholder systems. Evidence from rural Tanzania. Technological Forecasting and Social Change. 2013;80:525-540.
Teklewold H, Kassie M, Shiferaw B, Köhlin G. Cropping system diversification, conservation tillage and modern seed adoption in Ethiopia: Impacts on household income, agrochemical use and demand for labor. Ecological Economics. 2013;93:85-93.
Kassie M, Teklewold H, Jaleta M, Marenya P, Erenstein O. Understanding the adoption of a portfolio of sustainable intensification practices in Eastern and Southern Africa. Land Use Policy. 2015;42: 400-411.
Vanlauwe B, Coyne D, Gockowski J, Hauser S, Huising J, Masso C, Nziguheba G, Schut M, van Asten P. Sustainable intensification and the African smallholder farmer. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability. 2014;8:15-22.
Ngwira AR, Johnsen FH, Aune JB, Mekuria M, Thierfelder C. Adoption and extent of conservation agriculture practices among smallholder farmers in Malawi. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation. 2014;69(2):107-119.
Anderson JA, D’Souza S. Farm adoption claims to understanding farmers and context: A literature review of conservation agriculture adoption among smallholder farmers in Southern Africa. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 2014;187: 116-132.
Mutyasira V, Hoag D, Pandel D. The adoption of sustainable agricultural practices by smallholder farmers in Ethiopia highlands: An integrative approach. Cogent Food and Agriculture. 2018;4(1):1552439.
Ambali OI, Adegbite DA, Ayinde IA, Awotide DO. Analysis of production efficiency of food crop farmers in Ogun State, Nigeria. ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science. 2013;7(9):680-688.
Kabatesi I, Mbabazi M. Assessment of standard of living indicators in measuring household poverty in Rwanda: Evidence of rutunga sector. European Journal of Business and Social Sciences. 2016;5(6): 265-278.
Murendo C, Gwara S, Mpofu N, Pedzisa T, Mazvimavi K, Chivenge P. The adoption of a portfolio of sustainable agricultural practices by smallholder farmers in Zimbabwe. Invited Paper Presented at the 5th International Conference of the African Association of Agricultural Economists, September 23-26; 2016.
Amaza P, Abdoulaye T, Kwaghe P, Tegbasu A. Changes in household food security and poverty status in PROSAB area of Southern Borno State, Nigeria. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan, Nigeria. 2009;40.
Ojuekaiye EO. Economic analysis of cassava production in three local Government Area of Kogi State. Unpublished M.Sc Thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria; 2001.
Adepoju AO, Akinyemi O, Oyewole SO, David E. Agroforestry in a diversified Nigerian economy. Proceedings of the 19th Annual Conference of the Nigerian Association of Agricultural Economists (NAAE), College of Forest Mechanization, Kaduna on 15-18 October; 2018.
Oyewole SO, Dahunsi OM, Akintola AL. Socio-economic assessment of farmers’ participation in agroforestry system in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Net Journal of Agricultural Science. 2015;3(4):99-103.
Mgbenka RN, Onwubuya EA, Ezeano CT. Organic farming in Nigeria: Need for popularization and policy. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2015;11(6):346-355.
Parsaa S, Morse S, Bonifacio A, Chancellor TCB, Condor B, Crespo-Pérez V, Hobbs SLA, Kroschel J, Ba MN, Rebaudo, Sherwood G, Vanekm SJ, Faye E, Herrera MA, Dangle O. Obstacles to integrated pest management adoption in developing countries. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences; 2014.