Analysis of Environmental Factors Determining the Adoption of Land Management Practices in Guinea Savanna Agro-Ecological Zone of Kaduna Using Principal Component Analysis (PCA)

Main Article Content

T. A. Awobona
J. O. Adedapo
J. O. Emmanuel
O. Osunsina
J. A. Ogunsanwo
O. W. Bolaji
R. Akanni John


This study analyzed the various determinants of land management practices in Chikun LGA of Kaduna State and determined most sustainable practice(s), with the specific focus on: Socio-economic characteristics of farmers; types of land management practices in relation to the determinant factors; effects of land management practices on the farm productivity; determine the most sustainable land management practice in the study area. A purposive sampling technique was adopted in collecting data from three hundred and eighty (380) rural farmers with structured questionnaires administered in Buruku, Chikun Local Government area of Kaduna State, Nigeria. Five land management practices showed positive effects on the farm productivity as compared to the mean of 3 points; these were cover crop, crop rotation, irrigation, organic manure and fertilizer application. Two land management practices as perceived to have good effects on farm productivity of respondents were agro-forestry and bush fallow as shown in the component one of the result of Principal Component Analysis (PCA). It was concluded that the farming population was ageing and was adversely affected the choice of best practices due to lack of education and knowledge to adopt the best land management practice. Sustainable land management practices has the potential to reverse the trend of food scarcity and environmental disasters, help to improve local livelihoods, restore natural ecosystems and also contribute significantly to climate change adaptation and mitigation. There is clear evidence that the productivity of soils in Buruku Village will continue to decline if strategic measures are not put in place to manage soil fertility in different soil units to support agricultural land.

Land management, environmental factors, productivity, agro-ecological zone and principal component analysis.

Article Details

How to Cite
Awobona, T. A., Adedapo, J. O., Emmanuel, J. O., Osunsina, O., Ogunsanwo, J. A., Bolaji, O. W., & John, R. A. (2020). Analysis of Environmental Factors Determining the Adoption of Land Management Practices in Guinea Savanna Agro-Ecological Zone of Kaduna Using Principal Component Analysis (PCA). Asian Journal of Advances in Agricultural Research, 14(2), 18-28.
Original Research Article


TerrAfrica. Regional Sustainable Land Management Brochure, Washington DC, USA; 2006.

Woodfine A. Using sustainable land management practices to adapt to and mitigate climate change in Sub-Saharan Africa- Resource Guide Version 1.0, TerrAfrica, Regional Sustainable Land Management; 2009.

Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN): Nigeria: National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy (NEEDS), FGN, Abuja; 2004.

Nkonya E, Pender J, Jagger P, Sserunkuuma D, Kaizzi C, Ssali H. Linkages between land management, land degradation and poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa: The case of Uganda. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) Research Report Abstract 159. Washington DC, USA; 2008.

Majule AE. The impact of land management practices on soil quality and implications on smallholder productivity in Southern Highland Tanzania. Environmental Economics. 2010;1(1).

Nwadelor JI. An assessment of spatio-temporal variabilities of deforestation for sustainable forestry development; A case study of Afaka Forest Reserve. A Paper Presented at the International Conference on Spatial Information for Sustainable Development Held at Nairobi, Kenya 2- 5 October; 2001.

NPC. Nigeria Population Census, Kaduna Sate. Department of Research and Statistics, Ministry of Economic Planning, Main Secretariat Complex, Independent Way, Kaduna, Nigeria; 1991.

Abdulazeez ML, Omotesho KF, Adekola OF, Adekunle D. Assessment of land management practices in food crops production among small scale farmers in Kwara State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Management and Development (IJAMAD); 2014. ISSN: 2159-5860.

Ati OF. Rainfall characteristic in drought-prone Sudano-Sahelian Zone of Nigeria. An Unpublished Ph. D Dissertation Department of Geography, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria; 2006.

Okunade EO. Factors influencing adoption of improved farm practices among women farmers in Osun State. Journal of Human Ecology. 2006;19(1):45-49.

Agricultural Sustainability Institute (ASI). Sustainable Agricultural Research and Education Program Retrieved on 30th September; 2012. Available:

Menale KZ, Pender J, Köhlin G. Sustainable agricultural practices and agricultural productivity in Ethiopia: Does agro-ecology matter? RFF and Environment for Development Initiative Working Paper, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 2008.

Oyekale AS. Fuzzy indicator of sustainable land management and its correlates in Osun State, Nigeria. Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, North-West University Mafikeng Campus, Mmabatho, 2735 South Africa. J Hum Ecol. 2012;39(3):175-182.