Sustainable Intensification among Smallholder Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) Farms in Karoi, Zimbabwe

Main Article Content

Concilia Mauswa
Norman Mupaso

Abstract

The study’s aim was to determine socioeconomic factors that influence sustainable intensification amongst smallholder tobacco farms in Karoi district, Zimbabwe. The study was conducted during the period November 2018 to February 2019. A descriptive approach was used in the study. Primary data were collected using a structured questionnaire. The main aspects measured by the questionnaire were household demographic characteristics, assets owned, livestock ownership, income and expenditure, agricultural production and marketing information. A sample of 91 respondents was chosen using the stratified random sampling technique, with the strata being the four wards in Karoi district. Descriptive statistics together with a multivariate regression model were used to analyse the determinants of sustainable intensification among the smallholder tobacco farms. The main findings suggested a significant relationship between sustainable intensification and use of improved seed (P=.01), household-head age (P=.1), household wealth index (P=.01) and distance to the nearest market (P=.01). Based on the findings, the study recommends that agricultural policy strategies should focus on provision of incentives that encourage the smallholder tobacco farmers to adopt environmentally friendly farming practices. Such strategies include, availing agricultural market-places close to the smallholder tobacco farms. Furthermore, the government must support farmers to acquire productive assets so as to enhance their household wealth index, which will eventually lead to sustainable intensification on smallholder tobacco  farms.

Keywords:
Sustainable intensification, tobacco, smallholder farms, Zimbabwe.

Article Details

How to Cite
Mauswa, C., & Mupaso, N. (2021). Sustainable Intensification among Smallholder Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) Farms in Karoi, Zimbabwe. Asian Journal of Advances in Agricultural Research, 15(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaar/2021/v15i130141
Section
Original Research Article

References

Kuhlman T, Farrington J. What is sustainability? Sustainability. 2010;2(11): 3436-3448.

Loos J, Abson DJ, Chappell MJ, Hanspach J, Mikulcak F, Tichit M, Fischer J. Putting meaning back into “sustainable intensification.” Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 2014;12:356–361.
DOI: 10.1890/130157

WECD. 1987. Our common future. The report of the World Commission on Environment and Development, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Musumba M, Palm C, Grabowski P, Snapp S. A Framework for selecting and analyzing indicators of sustainable intensification. Forthcoming; 2017.

Montpelier Panel. Sustainable intensification: A new paradigm for African agriculture (London: Agriculture for Impact); 2013.

Pretty J, Toulmin C, Williams S. Sustainable intensification in African agriculture. Int. J. Agric. Sustain. 2011;9: 5–24.

Benin S. Policies and programs affecting land management practices, input use and productivity in the highlands of Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Strategies for sustainable land management in the East African Highlands. 2006;217-256.

Pender J, Gebremedhin B. Land management, crop production and household income in the highlands of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia: An econometric analysis. Strategies for sustainable land management in the East African Highlands. 2006;107-139.

Van Noordwijk M, Hoang M, Neufeldt H, Yaticht T. (Eds.), How trees and people can co-adapt to climate change: reducing vulnerability through multifunctional agroforestry landscapes. World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Nairobi, Kenya; 2011. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 2007;104:19691-19696.

Wezel A, Casagrande M, Celette F, Vian J, Ferrer A. Agroecological practices for sustainable agriculture: A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development. 2014;34:1-20.

Holt- Gimenez E. Measuring farmers’ agroecological resistance after Hurricane Mitch in Nicaragua: A case study in participatory, sustainable land management impact monitoring. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 2002;93:87-105.

Altieri MA, Koohafkan P. Enduring farms: Climate change, smallholders and traditional farming communities Third World Network (TWN), Penang, Malaysia; 2008.

Rockstrom J, Falkenmark M, Karlberg, H, H, Dieter SR. Future water availability for global food production: the potential of green water for increasing resilience to global change. Water Resources Research. 2009;45(7).

Struik PC, Kuyper TW. Sustainable intensification in agriculture: the richer shade of green: A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development. 2017;37(5).

Netting R. Smallholders, householders: farm families and the ecology of intensive, sustainable agriculture. Stanford University Press; 1993.

Mortimore, M., Turner B. Does the Sahelian smallholder’s management of woodland, farm trees, rangeland support the hypothesis of human-induced desertification?. Journal of Arid Environments. 2005;63(3):567-595.

Thompson P. Is sustainability worth debating? In: Debating Science: Deliberation, Values and the Common Good. Humanity Books. 2012a;133–146.

Thompson P. The concept and utility of 'ecological thresholds' in biodiversity conservation. Biol. Conserv. 2012b;124, 301–310.

Smith K, Barrett CB, Box PW. Participatory risk mapping for targeting research and assistance: with an example from East African pastoralists. World Dev. 2000;28: 1945–1959.