Assessment of Biosecurity in Confined Pig Farms in Urban and Peri-Urban Areas of Abidjan (Ivory Coast)
Asian Journal of Advances in Agricultural Research,
The purpose of this study is to assess the status of biosecurity measures in confined pig farms in the urban and peri-urban areas of Abidjan in order to make recommendations for improving their sanitary conditions. This study was conducted in 76 confined pig farms in order to assess biosecurity practices. It consisted of administering a questionnaire to farmers in the urban and peri-urban areas of Abidjan. The analysis of the implementation of external biosecurity measures showed that 46.67% of the farms were not fenced, 85.20% were adjacent to other pig farms and the distance between them was less than 200m in 75.40% of cases. Similarly, 35.80% of the farms were located less than 100m from houses. Barriers to entry existed in 37.5% but only 2.8% and 8.82% of farms had signs for visitors and trucks and a vehicle disinfection device at the entrance respectively. Only 6.8% of the farms had foot baths at the entrance of the buildings. The vast majority of farmers stated that they quarantine new animals. The principles of internal biosecurity are very little respected. Workers wear work clothes on the majority of farms, but more than half of them go outside with them. The same working equipment is used in the different lodges without distinction of the age of the subjects and very little cleaned and disinfected. The disinfectants used are bleach and cresyl without any dilution standard. The presence of other animal species was noted and rodent control was not practised. The pathologies encountered are predominantly diarrhoea, and postweaning animals are the most affected.
How to Cite
Available:www.fp7prohealth.eu/documents/52/PROHEALTH_newsletter_05_FR_Final.pdf, accessed 23/06/2021
Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the World Bank, the importance of biosecurity in reducing the risk of avian influenza in livestock and markets; 2007.
GAILLARD S. The main biosecurity measures for the management of salmonellosis in dairy cattle farming, French; 2020.
TONA TONA A, NTOTO M'VUBU R., ANTOINE-MOUSSIAUX N. and OKITAYELA ONAWOMA FR. Economic characterization of peri-urban pig farms in kinshasa, democratic republic of the congo (DRC). Rev. High. Med. Vet. Pays Trop; 2017.
TONA-TONA, Alexandre, THILMANT, Pierre, NTOTO-M'VUBU, Roger. Assessment of the level of biosecurity of peri-urban pig farms in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Afrique Science. 2019;15:197-210.
PORPHYRY V and BASTIANELLI D. Pig farming in tropical countries. Rev. High. med. Vet. Country Too. 2018;71(1-2).
GRAGNO B. G. African swine plague in Côte d'Ivoire: control and prospects for eradication. Thesis: Méd Vét: Dakar. 1998:20
CALVAR C. and THOMAS L. Biosecurity in production livestock, chamber of agriculture of Brittany Pig-poultry farming; 2014.
CORREGE I, BERTHELOT N, AUBRY A, BADOUARD B, HEMONIC A. Biosecurity, sanitary control, livestock design and management: impact on technical and economic performance. Swine Research Days. 2011;43:265 -271
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), World Bank (WB) and World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). The importance of biosecurity in reducing the risk of avian influenza in livestock and markets. [online]; 2007. Available:file:///C:/Users/User/Downloads/ah692f.pdf, accessed 2019-03-03
COLLINEAU L, BELLOC C, HEMONIC A, GUIARD M, LEHEBEL A, BADOUARD BR, STAERK K. Study of the link between the level of biosecurity and the use of antibiotics in pig farms; 2014.
TRA BI TC. Pig sector in Côte d'Ivoire: production, proposed improvement and development prospects. Thesis: Méd Vét. Dakar; 2009;6.
ALLAH-NGUERTOUM E. Pig breeding in the peri-urban regionof Bangui (Central African Republic). Thesis: Méd Vét. Dakar; 1997;32.
UMUTONI C. Technical and economic evaluation of pig farms in Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso). Thesis: Master's degree in Animal Production and Sustainable Development/ Engineering Animal Productions: EISMV Dakar. 2012;27.
MISSOHOU A, NIANG M, FOUCHER H. Pig farming systems in Lower Casamance Senegal. Availalble:http://www.jle.com/fr/revues/agr/edocs/les_systemes_d_elevage_porcin_en_basse_casamance_senegal__60183/ar ticle.phtml?tab=text
BULDGEN A, PIRAUX M, DIENG A. Traditional pig farms in the Senegalese groundnut basin. Rev. Mond. Zootech. 1994;(81):63-70.
FIRCA, ANADER. General census of modern pig farmers in Côte d'Ivoire. Abidjan, FIRCA. 2007:25.
BASSENE E JC T. Typological study of the pig farms of Jagoo (Dakar) and proposal for an improvement in the living environment of the breeders. Thesis: Méd Vét. Dakar; 2010:14.
ROSE N, MADEC F. Typology of areas with high and low pig density: consequences on the frequency of influenza-like illness in fattening pigs. Epidemiology and animal health. 2000; 37:95-103.
VERHULST A. Capacity building for prevention and emergency response against African swine fever, Mission report: May 18 - June 6, 1998, International consultant– Production; 1998.
FIRCA, INTERPORCI, World Bank. Pig Breeding Health Program in Côte d'Ivoire, Abidjan: FIRCA. 2013:65.
CASAL J, MANUEL-LEON A, MATEU E, MARTIN M. Assessment of the risk of certain diseases in pig farms as a function of biosecurity measures. Epidemiol. and animal health, 2002;(42):89-93.
CALVAR C, HEUGEBAERT S, CAILLE ME, ROY H. Forty years recommendations from diversified technicians Ŕ multiple behaviors from very good breeders.
Available:http://www.bretagne.synagri.com/ca1/PJ.nsf/TECHPJPARCLEF/17505/$File/12%20pages%20Quarantaine%20porc%20%20%20VF%202012.pdf?OpenElement (page viewed on 06/10/2021).
ROSSEL R, ROUILLIER J, BELŒIL PA, BELŒIL PA, CHAUVIN C, BASTA F, CRABOS JP, THEAU-AUDIN S. Salmonella in pig farms in southwestern France: Seroprevalence in end of fattening and associated risk factors. Pig Research Days. 2006;(38):371-378.
LO FO WONG DMA, DAHL J, STEGE H, VAN DER WOLF PJ, LEONTIDES L, VON ALTROCK A, THORBERG BM. Herd-level risk factors for sub-clinical Salmonella infection in European finishing-pig herds. Preventive Veterinary Medicine. 2004; (62):253-266.
FAO, OIE, World Bank. Good biosecurity practices in the pig sector: Constraints and possible solutions in developing and transition countries, Rome: FAO. 2011: 103.
FABLET C, CHAUVIN C, JOLLY JP, EVENO E, CHOUET S, MIELI L, MADEC F, BELOEIL PA. Study of the circumstances associated with the infection of growing pigs by Lawsonia intracellularis. Pig Research Days. 2006;(38):353-358.
CORREGE I. The salmonella problem in the pig industry. Techni pork, 2001; 24(2):25-31.
HEBERT H, LURETTE A, FOURICHON C, SEEGERS H, BELLOC C. Band management methods in pig breeding: Effect on contacts between animals. Pig Research Days. 2007;(39):345- 350.
ABDALLAH-NGUERTOUM E. Pig farming in the peri-urban region of Bangui (Central African Republic). Thesis: Méd Vét: Dakar. 1997:32.
EL HICHERI K, GOMEZ-TEJEDO C, PENRITH ML, DAVIE G, DOUATI A, EDOUKOU GJ, WOJCIECHOWSK K. The African swine fever epizootic of 1996 in Côte d ' Ivory. Rev. Sci. Tech. Off. int. Epiz, 1998;17(3):660-673.
Abstract View: 37 times
PDF Download: 22 times