Fruit Sorting by Pizzo-electric Sensor and PLC Controlling

Aswant Kumar Sharma

Finolex Academy of Management and Technology, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, India.

Akshay Krishna Varak

Finolex Academy of Management and Technology, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, India.

Shubham Arun Gitaye

Finolex Academy of Management and Technology, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, India.

Nishant Vijay Gavali *

Finolex Academy of Management and Technology, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, India.

Prathamesh Kishor Bate

Finolex Academy of Management and Technology, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Abstract: The fruit sorting process traditionally relies on visual inspection, primarily considering size as a key quality parameter. However, industries engaged in large-scale fruit trading have turned to image processing technology for sorting, despite its high cost and impracticality for small traders. This paper proposes an alternative sorting system that offers an economical solution suitable for automated fruit sorting at various scales.

Aim: The aim of this study is to develop an economical automated fruit sorting system capable of classifying fruits based on their weight, thereby eliminating the need for manual labor and improving sorting accuracy and efficiency.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Electrical Engineering Finolex Academy of Management and Technology, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, between July 2023 to April 2024.

Study Design: This study employs a practical approach to design an automated fruit sorting system that utilizes Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) technology in conjunction with load cells. The system is designed to classify fruits based on their weight as they move along a conveyor belt, thereby automating the sorting process.

Methodology: The proposed sorting system integrates PLC technology and load cells to accurately measure and classify fruits based on their weight. By eliminating the need for manual intervention, the system enhances sorting efficiency and accuracy. The system is designed to be cost-effective and suitable for implementation by small traders and farmers.

Results: The developed sorting system demonstrates precise, reliable, and consistent sorting outcomes based on fruit weight. By automating the sorting process, the system achieves improved efficiency and productivity compared to traditional manual sorting methods. Moreover, the cost-effectiveness of the system makes it accessible to small traders and farmers seeking to enhance their sorting practices.

Conclusion: The proposed sorting system offers an economical and efficient solution for automated fruit sorting, particularly for small traders and farmers. By leveraging PLC technology and load cells, the system provides reliable alternative to costly image processing-based methods. The automation of the sorting process eliminates the risk of errors and inconsistencies associated with manual sorting, while ensuring accurate and quantitative classification based on fruit weight. This sorting system presents a practical approach to improving fruit trading operations, enhancing efficiency, and productivity.

Keywords: PLC (programmable logic control), fruit, load cell, conveyor belt


How to Cite

Sharma, Aswant Kumar, Akshay Krishna Varak, Shubham Arun Gitaye, Nishant Vijay Gavali, and Prathamesh Kishor Bate. 2024. “Fruit Sorting by Pizzo-Electric Sensor and PLC Controlling”. Asian Journal of Advances in Agricultural Research 24 (6):48-56. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaar/2024/v24i6512.

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