Asian Journal of Advances in Agricultural Research https://journalajaar.com/index.php/AJAAR <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Journal of Advances in Agricultural Research (ISSN: 2456-8864)</strong> aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/AJAAR/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in the field of agricultural science. This journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct, scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> SCIENCEDOMAIN international en-US Asian Journal of Advances in Agricultural Research 2456-8864 Physiological Performance of White Oat Seeds Treated with Phosphite-based Products https://journalajaar.com/index.php/AJAAR/article/view/30125 <p><strong>Aims: </strong>White oats are considered one of the most important cereals in the world. Currently, fertilizers based on phosphorus and silicon are being studied as inductors of resistance in the treatment of seeds, since they have as advantages such as low costs and excellent absorption by plants. The effects of seed treatment with phosphite resistance inducers are still unknown, being necessary the study in relation to interact with the seed at the time of twinning.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Study Design: </strong>The experimental design used was completely randomized, with four replications, two commercial products based on phosphite FullTec Mais and Ultra Plus and five doses.<strong>&nbsp; </strong></p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study: </strong>The work was conducted at the Didactic Laboratory of Seed Analysis of the Faculty of Agronomy Eliseu Maciel of the Federal University of Pelotas (UFPel), Pelotas-RS, in 2019.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>White oat seeds were used, produced in the 2018/2019 agricultural kharif and treated with commercial products based on FullTec Mais and Ultra Plus phosphites, in five doses: 0; 1.0; 2.0; 3.0; 4.5 mL for each 100 kg of seeds. The variables evaluated were first germination count (CP), germination (G), shoot length (CA), root length (CR), total length (CT), accelerated aging (EV) and total dry mass (MST). The data expressed as a percentage were subjected to analysis of variance to verify the effect of treatments. Then, the Duncan means test (P=0.5) was performed, for the discrimination between the treatment means. Statistical analyzes were performed using the R Core Team (2020).</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The results showed that the FullTec Mais product stimulates the physiological performance of white oat seeds for the variables first germination count (CP), germination (G) and shoot length (CA), with a dose of 2 mL of the product per 100 kg of seeds that showed the highest expression. For the Ultra Plus product at a dose of 1 mL of the product per 100 kg of seeds it is more efficient in the accelerated aging test (EV), for the other variables it did not show significant differences.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>It is possible to use phosphite-based micronutrients in seed treatment, without causing physiological damage to the seed during the twinning process.</p> Daisy Leticia Ramirez Monzon Iara Maiqueli Stern Lemke Lider Ayala Maria Johana Gonzalez Vera Geri Eduardo Menegelho ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-08-14 2020-08-14 1 8 10.9734/ajaar/2020/v14i230125 Comparison of Chemical and Nutritional Values of Extracted Pectin from Selected Local Banana Cultivars of Bangladesh https://journalajaar.com/index.php/AJAAR/article/view/30126 <p>The experiment was conducted to find out the chemical and nutritional values of pectin from selected Banana cultivars in Dinajpur district, Bangladesh. Pectin was extracted from the peels of banana at 1<sup>st</sup> stage of ripening (light green peel). The result showed that pectin content in banana peels at 1<sup>st</sup> stage of ripening varied from 36.10% to 46.12% based on cultivar type. The highest pectin content was found in peels of ‘Sagor’ banana. The pectin from unripe peels (1<sup>st</sup> stage of ripening) characterized by the moisture (23.29 and 24.75%), ash content (16.67 and 16.24%),equivalent weight (666.67 and 555.56), methoxyl content (26.66 and 12.40%), anhydrouronic acid content (177.76 and 102.08%), degree of esterification (85.15 and 68.97%), vitamin C (0.038 and 0.044%), beta carotene (0.73 and 1.01 mg g<sup>-1</sup>), vitamin A (1.21 and 1.68 mg g<sup>-1</sup>),and iron (0.26 and 0.47%) for the ‘Chinichampa’ and ‘Sagor’, respectively. Therefore, it infers that the extracted pectin from unripe banana peels could be compared as high methoxyl pectin which could be used to produce more-sticky gel from ‘Chinichampa’ followed by ‘Sagor’.</p> Bikash Chandra Sarker Humayun Ahmed Rubeca Fancy Suzan Kumer Bhadhury Zannatul Anika ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-09-08 2020-09-08 9 17 10.9734/ajaar/2020/v14i230126 Analysis of Environmental Factors Determining the Adoption of Land Management Practices in Guinea Savanna Agro-Ecological Zone of Kaduna Using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) https://journalajaar.com/index.php/AJAAR/article/view/30127 <p>This study analyzed the various determinants of land management practices in Chikun LGA of Kaduna State and determined most sustainable practice(s), with the specific focus on: Socio-economic characteristics of farmers; types of land management practices in relation to the determinant factors; effects of land management practices on the farm productivity; determine the most sustainable land management practice in the study area. A purposive sampling technique was adopted in collecting data from three hundred and eighty (380) rural farmers with structured questionnaires administered in Buruku, Chikun Local Government area of Kaduna State, Nigeria. Five land management practices showed positive effects on the farm productivity as compared to the mean of 3 points; these were cover crop, crop rotation, irrigation, organic manure and fertilizer application. Two land management practices as perceived to have good effects on farm productivity of respondents were agro-forestry and bush fallow as shown in the component one of the result of Principal Component Analysis (PCA). It was concluded that the farming population was ageing and was adversely affected the choice of best practices due to lack of education and knowledge to adopt the best land management practice. Sustainable land management practices has the potential to reverse the trend of food scarcity and environmental disasters, help to improve local livelihoods, restore natural ecosystems and also contribute significantly to climate change adaptation and mitigation. There is clear evidence that the productivity of soils in Buruku Village will continue to decline if strategic measures are not put in place to manage soil fertility in different soil units to support agricultural land.</p> T. A. Awobona J. O. Adedapo J. O. Emmanuel O. Osunsina J. A. Ogunsanwo O. W. Bolaji R. Akanni John ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-09-21 2020-09-21 18 28 10.9734/ajaar/2020/v14i230127